Teaching Strategies

Objectives for Development & Learning – Birth Through Kindergarten


Regulates own emotions and behaviors

  • Manages feelings
  • Follows limits and expectations
  • Takes care of own needs appropriately

Establishes and sustains positive relationships

  • Forms relationships with adults
  • Responds to emotional cues
  • Interacts with peers
  • Makes friends

Participates cooperatively and constructively in group situations

  • Balances needs and rights of self and others
  • Solves social problems


Demonstrates traveling skills

Demonstrates balancing skills

Demonstrates gross-motor manipulative skills

Demonstrates fine-motor strength and coordination

  • Uses fingers and hands
  • Uses writing and drawing tools


Listens to and understands increasingly complex language

  • Comprehends language
  • Follows directions

Uses language to express thoughts and needs

  • Uses an expanding expressive vocabulary
  • Speaks clearly
  • Uses conventional grammar
  • Tells about another time and place

Uses appropriate conversational and other communication skills

  • Engages in conversations
  • Uses social rules of language


Demonstates positive approaches to learning

  • Attends and engages
  • Persists
  • Solves problems
  • Shows curiosity and motivation
  • Shows flexibility and inventiveness

Remembers and connects experiences

  • Recognized and recalls
  • Makes connections

Uses classification skills

Uses symbols and images to represent something not present

  • Thinks symbolically
  • Engages in socio-dramatic play


Demonstrates phonological awareness

  • Notices and discriminates rhyme
  • Notices and discriminates alliteration
  • Notices and discriminates smaller and smaller units of sound

Demonstrates knowledge of the alphabet

  • Identifies and names letters
  • Uses letter-sound knowledge

Demonstrates knowledge of print and its uses

  • Uses and appreciates books
  • Uses print concepts

Comprehends and responds to books and other texts

  • Interacts during read-alouds and book conversations
  • Uses emergent reading skills
  • Retells stories

Demonstrates emergent writing skills

  • Writes name
  • Writes to convey meaning


Uses number concepts and operations

  • Counts
  • Quantifies
  • Connects numerals with their quantities

Explores and describes spatial relationships and shapes

  • Understands spatial relationships
  • Understands shapes

Compares and measures

Demonstrates knowledge of patterns

Science and Technology

Uses scientific inquiry skills

Demonstrates knowledge of the characteristics of living things

Demonstrates knowledge of the physical properties of objects and materials

Demonstrates knowledge of Earth’s environment

Uses tools and other technology to perform tasks

Social Studies

Demonstrates knowledge about self

Shows basic understanding of people and how they live

Explores change related to familiar people or places

Demonstrates simple geographic knowledge

The Arts

Explores the visual arts

Explores musical concepts and expression

Explores dance and movement concepts

Explores drama through actions and language

English Language Acquisition

Demonstrates progress in listening to and understanding English

  • Demonstrates progress in speaking English